Treatment for Hemorrhoids: What you can do to be relieved of this condition

Having hemorrhoids could prove to be quite an ordeal. Aside from the pain and discomfort that it brings, hemorrhoids can also hinder you from living a normal life. If you find yourself in this situation, you should do something about it right away to prevent it from getting worse.

Doctor specialist in  hemroids treatment There are many ways to treat hemorrhoids these days. One is by increasing the dietary fiber intake. Hemorrhoids are usually aggravated by the shearing or force exerted during bowel movements so it is best to avoid doing so. The best way to avoid shearing when answering the call of nature is to make sure that your stool is in the "ideal" form so your body could expel it naturally without extra force exerted. A soft and large stool is easily pushed out through the anal canal by the gentle pressure waves in the large intestine.

A hard, dry, and small stool on the other hand is quite hard to expel and that is when we need to exert extra force through the abdominal muscles. Though eating a high fiber diet may not cure the existing hemorrhoids, it can help prevent any further damage brought by a difficult bowel movement.
The recommended daily intake of fiber is 20-30 grams. Foods with high fiber content are vegetables, fresh and dried fruits, cereals, and grains. Supplementary fibers such as methylcellulose, psyllium, or calcium polycarbophil could also be used to increase fiber intake. Stool softeners and increase in liquid intake is also recommended.
Over the counter products are also available for hemorrhoid treatment. Gels, creams, and ointments are usually used by applying them thinly as a coating around the anus. These products could also be applied in the anal canal itself. When you are advised to do so, it is best to use a pile pipe that has holes on the sides and at the end. Remember to lubricate first the pile pipe with an ointment before insertion into the anal canal.
Local anesthetics are also used for hemorrhoid patients to temporarily relieve them of the pain, itching, and burning by numbing nerve endings. However, local anesthetics have a limited use to the lower anal canal and the perianal area. Moreover, some people experience allergic reactions - with itching and burning, to this product.
Chemicals that resemble epinephrine and are called vasoconstrictors could also be used to treat hemorrhoids. Vasoconstrictors are applied to the anus to make the blood vessels smaller and may reduce swelling. It also has a mild anesthetic effect that reduces pain and itching. There are also vasoconstrictors that can be taken orally or through injections but the one that is applied to the perianal area poses a lower risk of side effects such as nervousness, tremor, high blood pressure, sleeplessness, hyperthyroidism, and aggravation of diabetes.
Prevention of irritation from taking place in the perianal area is done through the use of protectants. Protectants form a physical barrier over the irritated skin and avoid it from getting in contact with the stool or liquid coming from the rectum. This reduces the pain, itching, irritation and burning.
Most over-the-counter products help to reduce swelling, itchiness, and pain. However, most of them do not treat or remove the hemorrhoid completely. Aside from these medications, there are also surgical and non-surgical procedures that can be done for hemorrhoid treatment. The several non-surgical procedures for internal hemorrhoids have the same effect. The procedures cause the hemorrhoidal cushions to inflame and then produce scarring. Because of the scarring, the cushions will them shrink and attach to the underlying muscle in the anal canal. This attachment, in turn, prevents the cushions from being dragged into the anal canal. One of the oldest non-surgical procedures performed is sclerotherapy. During this procedure, a liquid, such as quinine urea or phenol, is injected into the hemorrhoid base. After which the inflammation and scarring will take place.
Rubber band ligation involves the encircling of the hemorrhoidal anal cushion base with a tight rubber band. As the tight rubber band cuts of the tissue, the tissue dies and is replaced by an ulcer that will heal with scarring. This procedure is used to treat first-, second-, and third-degree hemorrhoids. There is a chance that the symptoms would recur after several years but usually it can be treated with the same procedure. A complication of ligation is slight pain. Also, bleeding may occur occasionally one to two weeks after the procedure is done.
Heat coagulation and cryotherapy are other non-surgical procedures. With heat coagulation, heat is used to kill the hemorrhoidal tissue and cause inflammation and scarring. Cryotherapy, on the other hand, uses cold temperature to remove the veins and cause inflammation and scarring. Cyrotherapy, though, is a procedure not commonly done for it usually takes a long time to complete and requires more post treatment pain.
Dilation, sphincterotomy, Doppler ligation, and hemorrhoidectomy are the surgical procedures done to treat hemorrhoids. It is estimated, though, that only less than 10 percent of patients need to undergo surgical procedures if the hemorrhoids are diagnosed and treated early.
Dilation and sphincteotomy are procedures that mainly involve the anal sphincter. Dilation is done by forcefully stretching the anal sphincter to weaken it while sphincterotomy involves a partial cutting of the internal portion of the sphincter. Both procedures are done in an attempt to reduce the pressure of the sphincter due to the assumption that the increased pressure in the sphincter is responsible for hemorrhoid formation. However, most patients who undergo these procedures become incontinent or unable to control their stool during bowel movement.
In Doppler ligation, a special illuminated anoscope with a Doppler probe is used to measure the blood flow and identify the artery that fills the hemorrhoidal vessels. When the artery is detected, the doctor then ties it off to cause the hemorrhoid to shrink. This process is quite expensive and has little advantage over the other procedures.
Patients who are suffering from third- or fourth-degree hemorrhoids are the ones who usually undergo hemorrhoidectomy. This procedure involves cutting out the internal and external hemorrhoids. The wounds acquired due to the removal are either stitched together or left open.
The kind of treatment needed for hemorrhoid patients depends on the degree of the condition. It is always best to seek treatment or professional medical attention as soon as you suspect that you might have hemorrhoids. This way you could avoid undergoing surgical procedures and save yourself from the discomfort and pain.